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Honduras Mahogany

  Common Name:  

Honduras Mahogany

  Botanical Name:   Swietenia macrophylla
  Other Names:   South American Mahogany
Caoba (throughout Latin America)
Acajou (French-speaking areas)
Often named after the country it came from (i.e. Brazilian Mahogany, Peruvian Mahogany, etc.)
  Species Distribution:   Scattered areas throughout central and South America including some Caribbean islands.
  Endangered?:   The species is secure in El Salvador and Honduras, but it has become endangered or extinct in some regions of South America. (Bolivia, Brazil (some regions), Colombia, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Mexico, Nicaragua, & Panama.) Honduras mahogany trees once had a distribution covering most of South America. Supply of the wood is still plentiful thanks in part to plantation harvesting. 
  Height of 150' with trunk diameters as large as 6'.
Honduras mahogany prefers dry forests and can also be found in high elevation stands.
  Straight grain with a fine even texture. Honduras Mahogany is relatively free of voids and pockets.
  Color:   Reddish brown to medium red which darkens to a deep reddish-brown with time.
  Workability:   Excellent! Honduras mahogany is one of the best woods for machining, cutting, and planing. Tools should be kept sharp, and a low angle should be used when planing Mahogany with a wavy grain pattern. Honduras Mahogany can be sanded very easily and efficiently. Routered edges are crisp and sharp. Honduras Mahogany also turns well on a lathe.
  Finishing Qualities:   Excellent! Honduras Mahogany readily accepts a wide range of common stains and finish.
  Durability:   Very Good! The wood is strong and dense. It will dent with a sharp hit from a solid blunt object. Slightly less durability than Red Oak. For outdoor applications such as patio furniture and wooden boats this boat is an excellent choice for its combination of strength and rot resistant properties. The popular Chris Craft wooden boats were built from mahogany until the early 1960 when it was replaced by fiberglass.
  Drying:   Honduras Mahogany can be air-seasoned and kiln-dried without appreciable warping or checking.  Movement after manufacture is rated as small.
  Kiln Schedules:   T6-D4 - 4/4 stock 
T3-D3 - 8/4.
Shrinkage: radial 3.0%; tangential 4.1%; volumetric 7.8%.
  Weight:   Air-Dried: 30-52 pounds per cubic foot.
  Stability:   Excellent in kiln dried lumber.
  Uses:   Fine furniture, cabinet making, plywood, turning, boat building, outdoor furniture.
  Comments:   Honduras Mahogany has become a valuable cash crop for many South American countries. Plantation farming is working to supply the demand for this versatile lumber. Many other species, such as Lauan, are marketed as "Mahogany", however they often come from other wood families.
  Price:   Moderate



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WoodZone Woodworking Retail Store
2263 Sunset Blvd. West Columbia, SC 29169.
Contact us: 1-803-791-3823 - 
Offering in stock supplies for furniture making, finishing, carving, turning, and other forms of woodcraft.
Everything you need for woodworking.